What is premises? is that any question architect Any question can be answered. However, for other people doing the job, it is not necessarily clear about the term. Therefore, MOIVAONHATOI is here to answer you the question of what is the ground, as well as guide you to read a floor plan of the apartment in the most basic way.


The plan is the projection of the rest of the house on the plan plane after having imagined cutting off the upper part (the roof) with a plane parallel to the plan plane.

Typically, to express a lot, people choose the location of the section at a height of 1.5 m above the ground, which is the height with doors and windows. In case a floor has many doors at different heights we use the cross-sectional method to describe.

What is the premises

Thus, the nature of the plane is also the section where the imaginary plane is parallel to the plane of the projection plane. To distinguish them from vertical cuts, they are referred to as plans. Depending on the number of floors and its complexity or simplicity, we define the number of premises of each project accordingly. The plan is the most important shape in the drawings. The ground tells us the size and layout of rooms, internal traffic, location, size, wall thickness. In addition, it can be described on the premises of devices, toiletries, wardrobes, beds, tables and chairs…

See more: Quotations for construction of townhouses Just fill in the area, the number of floors


You understand what the ground is, but you also want to know how to read a floor plan so that you can understand the parameters yourself?

In the limit of this article, we will show you how to read the premises of apartments. For apartment buildings, each floor has its own floor plan, so you also need to know how to read the design drawings for each specific copy. For floor plans usually have a ratio of 1:50, 1: 100. Apartment premises include overall premises, typical floor plans, and apartments.


overall ground

In the overall layout, the viewer will clearly see all the areas of use contained in the project. Each area is numbered and annotated. You can conveniently identify many of these areas.


ground floor premises

On the typical floor, we can look at the drawing to see the apartments as well as the ground floor, on the drawing also has a specific area note. For example, in the drawing below, the typical floor of the Maldives tower will consist of 8 one-floor apartments, Sky Villa on the rooftop, Garden Villa, Pool Villa on the ground floor.

See more: Quotations design interior construction apartments Just fill in the area, the items to be constructed


apartment premises

On the drawing, there are annotations of parameters, based on this we can read:

  • Size (length, width) clears the flow of each room
  • Dimensions and thickness of walls, partitions, cross-sectional dimensions of columns
  • Size of each room in m2
  • On the premises there are conventional symbols of furniture and furnishings Sanitary equipment such as beds, tables, living room chairs, wardrobes, sofas, washbasins, toilets, bathtubs, etc.In addition, on the stairs there is an upward pointing path with a kinked line, this line usually has a dot marked. on the first step down and the end with the arrow indicating the last step of the upper level. The slash symbols are also used to show the trapezoid being cut by a plane. On the ground of the first floor and intermediate floor the first staircase is cut. On the upper floor plan, no staircases were cut.

Hopefully, with the above sharing, you already understand what the premises are. Although this is a term used for architecture - construction, you should know to understand some basic information when building, or designing houses and apartments. I wish you success reading any floor plan.

If you want to design - construction of apartments, or real estate, please contact:
Hotline: 0908.66.88.10 - 09.0202.5707 
Address: 201 Bà Triệu, Hai Bà Trưng District, Hà Nội

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